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Asia MIGRATION situation analysis
Knowledge, Strategy and Practices
Project: Development opportunities and access to their rights for children and youth affected by migration in southeast asia
Location: TBC in Asia Pacific, with travel to India and Bangladesh
Title: Consultancy for situation analysis of Migration and child/youth protection in India and Bangladesh
Dates: 28th August – 27th October 2017
Duration of the consultancy: 30 days
1. Presentation of Terre des hommes & Migration Program
Terre des hommes (Tdh), the leading Swiss child relief non-profit organization, is active in 38 countries with its programs in mother and child health, migration, juvenile justice, child labour and humanitarian emergencies.
Tdh has been working on migration in numerous countries across the globe. In 2016, Tdh’s migratory approach supported children and youth migrating or at risk of unsafe migration and their communities, through the implementation of activities in various countries by including them in our projects at all stage of the migration journey and training professionals in Protective Accompaniment for Children.
Built on years of experience and capitalization of best practices, Tdh’s actions are based on a child-friendly and participatory approach all along the migration journey. From the actions of Tdh, children and youth are empowered within their communities on benefiting and being involved through activities that enhance their own conditions of living as well as resilience capacities.
Building on the strategic plan 2016-2020, the overall objective of Tdh’s migration program is to ensure that children and youth have access to activities or institutional support in a protective environment and that their rights are upheld. To that end, Tdh has identified four main mobility categories and ensure the implementation of specific activities as well as capacity building project in priority areas of intervention, where it believes that focused work can achieve positive change for the largest number of children and youth :
a) Mobility Categories : Prior-Mobility context, On the Move children, Post-Mobility situations and Left Behind Children.
b) Specific Activities : Promoting children’s access to psychosocial, art and sport activities; Case management process; Community integration and Alternative solutions to migration; Information and sensitization; building children, youth, family and community ‘s resilience; legal assistance; advocacy at local, national, regional and global level; transnational coordination;
c) Capacity Building Approach : Strengthening capacity of formal and informal actors in terms of protection of children and youth affected by migration and Enhancing cooperation, Following policies and practices in terms of migration and protective accompaniment concerning children.
To that end, for children and youth to realise their right and seize development opportunities, Tdh’s work is comprised of a three-pronged approach: direct service provision for and including children, systems-strengthening, and research and advocacy.
Through 2017, the migration program has started to be rolled out across three geographical zones of Tdh’s operational activities that need to be consolidated : Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean (AmLat) and the Middle East-Northern Africa including Afghanistan and Pakistan (MENA-AfPak). The migration program is well implanted in Africa and Europe for many years, where zone’s representatives are already in charge and national as well as regional projects are under implementation.
Migration phenomena in India and Bangladesh are new components of our projects for which more data collection is needed to better understand issues linked to migration and child/youth protection. Out of the four countries in which Tdh is currently active, a stand-alone migration project is operational in Nepal (in partnership with four local NGOs) and projects in India can be implemented through the collaboration of 35 organizational partners. Our activities in Asia have also participated to a better understanding of national and regional migratory dynamics between Tdh countries of interventions and advocacy work at regional and international level with Destination Unknown Campaign.
In other countries, some linkages between formal and informal actors at national and regional level have been implemented in the scope of child protection programming. However, in India, the reintegration process of children into their communities, even if existing still has to be strengthened. Moreover, in Bangladesh, the situation of children and youth face tremendous issues as the environmental, social, economic and cultural context is fostering migration of child, youth as well as adults. Thus, in India and Bangladesh, migration issues concerns children and youth as they experience all along the migration journey street or children shelters situation or live with far relatives in shantytown which have an impact on their psychological well-being and the development of opportunities for them as well as their communities.
Looking at those issues of “left behind”, reintegration and protective accompaniment concerning children and youth migrating or at risk of unsafe migration, India and Bangladesh are two key countries in order to develop a strategy in Asia. The importance of this study will be, among others issues, to better understand migratory dynamic between Indian states, inside India as well as Bangladesh but also looking at regional patterns, since Tdh migration program is active in India, Bangladesh and Nepal.
In India, a focus will have to be made on West Bengal and Jharkhand states. West Bengal is amongst the top five densely populated states in India, according to the 2011 Census, but it has also borders with Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal. West Bengal, is a destination for Indian migrants as well as bordering countries.
In Bangladesh, Dacca will be important in this study because of the presence of more than half million children. In May 2017, a first assessment has been conducted in Dacca by Tdh and came out with several findings in terms of protection needs from children affected by migration. Moreover, Bangladesh is an isolated country landlocked into India from where migrants are also moving to India and particularly West Bengal.
Following the completion of the consultancy, it may be possible to extend the mandate of the consultant to be involved in supporting delegations in their strategic planning based on the outcomes of the situation analysis.
3. Objectives of the consultancy
The general objective of the consultancy is to conduct an analysis of the present situation in terms of migration in two countries : India and Bangladesh, with a view to providing a basis for developing at national and regional level a children and youth protection strategy in context of migration between 2018-2020.
Specifically, the situation analysis will aim to – at national and regional level :
a) Consolidate information and documentation regarding the current migratory dynamics link to a perspective on child protection system in India and Bangladesh and the strategic priorities of states and NGOs in terms of migration and protective accompaniment support available for children;
b) Map the international organisations and donors currently dedicating resources to migration programs in India and identify the main areas of their intervention, with a specific focus on children and youth (protection, resilience, development, empowerment);
c) Identify needs and gaps in existing migration programming of other agencies with a specific focus on children and youth (protection, resilience, development, empowerment)
d) Highlight opportunities and constraints for Tdh migration program to develop in India and Bangladesh, according to the programmatic priorities defined in the strategic plan and the theory of change.
4. Design and methodology
Locations: The situation analysis will cover two countries : India and Bangladesh
Desk review: Collection and review of relevant documentation, particularly but not limited to: national action plans; concluding observations from Committee for the Rights of the Child; countries-level strategies for UN agencies such as UNICEF or UNHCR; situation analyses or needs assessments on migration conducted by other organisations; donor strategic documents; etc.
Key informant interviews: either face-to-face or, if possible, via Skype.
Ethical principles The survey will be guided by the following ethical principles and considerations:
· Tdh has ‘the best interests of the child’ as its central theme of the research. This is to be interwoven into all aspects of the research;
· The outcomes and conclusions of the research must be correct, trustworthy, cross checked and open to scrutiny without embarrassment to Tdh and the participants of the research;
· The consultant must sign the Terre des hommes Child Safeguarding Policy and Code of Conduct and be willing to adhere to its principles and expected practices. If a breach of the policy or code of conduct takes place the consultancy will be terminated immediately without any financial burden on Tdh.
5. Qualifications & Responsibilities
Candidate Background :
A master’s degree in law, social or political science or significant experience in related field.
A senior consultancy post where strong partnerships and strategic background is required
At least five years in either child protection or migration issues.
On or at least be familiar with human and children right related to migration or trafficking issues among others
Previous experience, on the field or as an analyst regarding to South East Asian and Indian or Bangladesh political, economic and social context will be taking into account
To be member of an academic institution should be an asset.
Excellent interpersonal and communication skills are required
Proven record of excellent writing and analytical skills in English
Knowledge of Hindi and Bengali are an asset.
The candidate will work in collaboration with Tdh partners as well as the delegations on the field, whom will contribute to support logistic aspects and relevant analysis. As part of the mission, you will be travelling inside India and Bangladesh, at least in Tdh states of intervention.
Responsible of the situation analysis and all documents related to the mission, to ensure the smooth implementation of the mandate, the incumbent will report directly to :
The Migration Head of program – Olivier FENEYROL
The Head of the Asia Desk – Leonor CRISOSTOMO
The Delegates to review work plan and progress made and address operational issues – Anna LAZAR (India) Lionel LAFONT (Bangladesh).
6. Deliverables and work-plan
Wk4= Briefing between consultant, Migration programme and Asia zone; Preliminary Skype consultations with Tdh teams / Desk review
Wk1=Mapping of KII stakeholders / Inception report / Country field visit 1
Wk2=Country field visit 1 / Country field visit 2
Wk3=Country field visit 2 / Drafting report and share with Tdh
Wk4=Drafting report and share with Tdh / Tdh review of draft and feedback / Final report
1. Inception report, including:
o Preliminary results from desk review : national and regional migration strategies; existing operations of INGOs;
o Description of existing Tdh presence and links with stakeholders
o Draft list of key informants for KIIs
o Draft of migratory dynamics in India (with a focus on West Bengal and Jharkhand states), Bangladesh (with a focus on Dacca) and at a regional level.
o Methodological protocol, including draft data collection tools
2. Final report
o 1 executive summary (max. 3-4 pages)
o 1 narrative report (max. 40 pages), including:
i. Results and analysis of desk review and interview analysis, including:
a) Desk review
b) Document review on
a. Migratory dynamics in the targeting countries as well as in relation to the regional level. A focus on West Bengal and Jharkhand states as well as Dacca will be required
b. The strategic priorities of states in term of Protective Accompaniment for Children
c) Stakeholders mapping
d) Donor mapping
e) Mapping of INGO activities
f) A situation analysis through field missions
g) Identification of gaps and needs not being fulfilled.
ii. Recommendations :
a) Elaboration of a national strategy for the Migration program in India and Bangladesh taking into account also the regional level
b) Potential areas for Tdh intervention in line with programmatic priorities
c) Suggestions for where Tdh needs to develop in-countries competency to better respond to the needs.
o Technical annexes: Containing the terms of reference, interview tools, references and other sources, a PPT presentation of the results
7. Budget and resources
A total sum of 12,000 CHF is available for this consultancy. The payment will be issued in three parts : one third of the amount at the beginning (signing of the contract), one third at the inception report and the last third upon acceptance of the final report.
HOW TO APPLY:
Application in English - send :
A a cover letter indicating your motivation
A current resume (CV) with contact information of two references (your former supervisors) To firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com, and firstname.lastname@example.org.
Please indicate in the subject box the position by Friday 18th August 2017.
Recruitment procedure follows the Terre des hommes Child Safeguarding Policy, including reference checks. Only short-listed candidates will be contacted for an interview which will take place on the 22nd or 23rd of August 2017.
Terre des hommes applies equal working conditions for men and women. Moreover, with equivalent qualifications, female applications are strongly encouraged. The recruitment and selection procedures at Terre des hommes reflect our commitment to help and protect children.