RFP for 3rd Party Evaluation of Functioning of Vana Surakhya Samities (VSSs) for understanding of effectiveness of the Joint Forest Management (JFM) activities

Forest and Environment Department, Government of Odisha
Required Skill: 
Last date: 
Monday, November 25, 2019

Detailed Description

Implementation of JFM Policy in Odisha:

The collective protection efforts by the forest fringed people towards conservation of forests have been started since before 1950. The Government’s initiative in this direction came with implementation of National Forest Policy, 1988. In realizing the need for involving the local village community in forest protection and management, the Government of Odisha stepped forward by notifying Orissa Village Forest Rules, 1985 and issued a resolution in 1st August, 1988 which came into effect from 02.10.1988 before the implementation of National Forest Policy 1988. This resolution opened a scope for assigning the specific roles to the adjoining villages for protection and management of reserved forests and subsequently a large number of Forest Protection Committees came into existence. In return, the villages enjoyed with certain concessions in the matter of meeting their bonafide requirements of firewood and small timbers.

Execution of JFM Programmes:

  • During 1994-95 & 1995-96 financial assistance from World Food Programme Welfare fund for carrying out various supporting activities under JFM programme like orientation training to VSS members, construction of Forest Awareness Centre-cum-Meeting Room, preparation of micro-plan for rehabitation of degraded forest was confined to 13 forest Divisions.
  • During 1995-96, the State Govt. also allotted funds under State Plan for JFM activities like preparation of micro-plans for re-habilitated area in each division.
  • During 1996-97, the State Govt. provisioned funds for JFM activities.

Objectives of Implementation of JFM Programme:

  • The primary objective of the programme is to protect and conserve forests with the participation of local community. The broad aspects of the objective mentioned above are:
  • To conserve environment and protect forests and wildlife for development of the forest ecosystem of Odisha in general for employment generation and social empowerment of the forest fringe dwellers assigning specific roles to them and for widening the scope for forest regeneration, means based on the policy of JFM Resolutions.
  • To provide a scope to meet their bonafide requirements which generates livelihood support to the villagers.
  • To reduce the man-animal conflict situations
  • To involve the local community for their active participation in forest protection and management.
  • To regenerate forests and increase the density of forest areas.
  • To provide scope of employment generation by engaging local people and youth in different developmental schemes/ programme.
  • To provide scope for social empowerment of the forest fringe dwellers.
  • To prepare structured Joint Management Plan (micro-plan) for the development of the villages as well as of forests.

Scope of the present evaluation:

  • The geographical scope of the present assignment extended to the whole state of Odisha. The present study will cover VSSs and EDCs constituted under 50 Forest Divisions situated in 30 districts of the state.
  • The study will make an effort to find out the functioning, effectiveness, status of existing VSSs and EDCs with brining out the picture on their feasibility, lacuna, gap for restricting the success of implementation of JFM programme.


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