Strengthening Early Warning and Early Action Systems for Climate Extremes


Relevent Country: Somalia

The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) is inviting not profit-making organizations to submit grant proposals to enhance the capacities for national entities of Somalia to produce and use climate, weather, and hydrological services, including early warning systems.

The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) is the United Nations’ focal point for the coordination of disaster risk reduction, working with countries and a broad range of partners and stakeholders to support the implementation, monitoring and review of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 in coherence with the 2030 Agenda and other instruments, for the multi-hazard management of disaster risk in development and the substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses.

UNDRR issues grants, in line with UN Financial Regulations and Rules, to apolitical and not profit-making organizations to facilitate, implement, or carry out activities related to UNDRR’s and the partner’s mandates and work programmes.

Right now, Somalia is facing a severe and worsening drought crisis. Following a succession of below-average rainy seasons, the 2021 Deyr (October to December) rains failed, resulting in one of poorest cereal harvests since 1995. As of January 2022, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs reports that over 3.2 million people in 66 out of the country’s 74 districts are affected by drought.

The Somalia Disaster Management Authority (SODMA) has developed a new methodology for forecasting weather services. This methodology is in accordance with the National Emergency Operation Centre (NEOC) that was established for undertaking emergency response actions during hazard occurrence.

Program Purpose

  • The project aims to strengthen national capacities and coordination for climate, weather, and hydrological services in Somalia.

Funding Information

The duration of the proposed project cannot exceed 18 months. The maximum amount requested from UNDRR for the implementation of this project cannot exceed USD 180,000.

Program Outcome

  • Improving regional services to support countries to provide effective EWS (Early Warning System).
  • Strengthening regional coordination and cooperation for effective EWS and climate services.

Program Output

  • National Output 1: National Meteorological and Hydrological Services service delivery improved, including the development of long-term service delivery strategies and development plans.
  • Partnerships formulated to provide improved climate services.
  • Advisory services/technical specifications for critical elements of hydrometeorological systems meeting WMO (World Meteorological Organization) standards.
  • Donor coordination meetings to support development of integrated investment plan.
  • CREWS (Climate Risk Early Warning Systems) Output 2: Risk Information to guide early warning systems and climate and weather service developed and accessible.
  • Undertake a comprehensive national-level multi-hazard prospective and probabilistic risk assessment for Somalia, encompassing the quantification of losses resulting from floods and droughts across various types of exposure. Conduct 2- 3 PRA workshops at national level.
  • CREWS Output(s) 3: Information and Communication Technology, including common alerting protocol, strengthened.
  • To operationalize improved data management system in Somalia.
  • Data and warning products issued within international standards and protocols.
  • To standardized process, and roles and responsibilities of all organizations generating and issuing warnings established and validated by the National Emergency Operations Centre /Multi-hazard Early Warning Centre in Somalia and all actors involved in.
  • To develop protocols in place to define communication responsibilities and channels for technical warning services.
  • CREWS Output(s) 4: Preparedness and response plans with operational procedures that outline early warning dissemination processes developed and accessible.
  • To develop operational plan (report) for the National Emergency Operations Centre /Multi-hazard Early Warning Centre in Somalia.
  • Agreements and interagency protocols established to ensure consistency of warning language and communication channels handled by different agencies.
  • The warning center staffed at all times (24 hours per day, seven days per week).
  • Plan implemented to routinely monitor and evaluate operational processes, including data quality and warning performance.
  • CREWS Output(s) 5: Knowledge products and awareness programmes on early warnings developed.
  • Conduct National Workshop in coordination with UNDRR ROAS (Regional Office for the Arab States) and National focal point to strengthen the development and delivery of services for EWS in Somalia.
  • Develop web-based Integrated FloodDrought Warning System/dashboard for flood monitoring with customized GIS (Geographical Information Systems) tool for real time dissemination of forecast, inundationDrought maps, inundationdrought library including development of dashboard for query-based generation flooddrought warning/flood inundation and drought maps for all stakeholders.
  • CREWS Output(s) 6: Gender-sensitive training, capacity building programmes provided.
  • Capacity development / training workshops for Somali counterparts in priority technical areas (observation, data management and analysis, meteorological and hydrological forecasting).
  • Develop a guidance document on mainstreaming gender and access to services by disadvantaged or underrepresented groups.

Project Activities

  • seminars, technical workshops, trainings.
  • capacity building activities.
  • institutional strengthening activities.
  • advocacy.
  • Ineligible Activities
  • capital expenditure, e.g., land, buildings, equipment, and vehicles.
  • individual scholarships for studies or training courses.
  • supporting political parties.
  • sub-contracting.