The current conflict in Yemen has resulted in wide-spread humanitarian crisis, and has left 80 per cent of the population (21.1 million people) in need of assistance. The impediments on commercial imports to Yemen have led to severe lack of basic items. Should this situation continue to the point that basic commodities are not imported and therefore not available in the market, the current humanitarian crisis will deteriorate even further.
In order to address the dire humanitarian situation in Yemen, the restoration of regular commercial cargo flows into the country is essential. UN Security Council resolution 2216 (2015) decided that Member States shall take necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer from or through their territories or by their nationals, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, of arms and related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned. In order to facilitate the unimpeded flow of essential commercial items to Yemen, the UN has been requested by the Government of Yemen to provide a monitoring and inspection service that ensures that commercial cargo entering Yemen’s territorial waters is compliant with UNSCR 2216 (2015).
The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) has been requested to operationalize and manage a mechanism to oversee the monitoring and inspection services.