Background and Project Description
The project was carried out in the region of Acholi in the district of Lamwo and in the district of Kitgum. The corridor of the Lord’s Resistance Army, from present day South Sudan to Uganda, ran directly through Palabek (Lamwo), where kidnappings were very frequent. In the project region, more than 90% of the population fled. One of the largest refugee camps was in the sub district of Padibe East (Lamwo). From there, a large number of child marriages, a high rate of domestic violence and alcoholism are also known. In the district of Lamwo, acute malnutrition is twice as high as in the rest of the Acholi sub region. An above average level of stigmatization, and many cases of SGBV, are still reported in Omiya Anyima (Kitgum). In spite of the fact that most international aid programmes aim to rebuild the infrastructure, and consolidate the state authorities, the Acholi region in North Uganda has insufficient basic provisions in the areas of health, education and infrastructure, even ten years after the end of the civil war.
In both rural districts, Lamwo and Kitgum, there are only a few and mostly inadequate mechanisms to support the survivors of sexualised violence. There is no functional healthcare system which offers psychosocial counselling or supervision. Especially in the remote villages where FOWAC works, the state system for the punishment and prevention of SGBV for women is inaccessible. There are still many cases of rape of children and young girls, which are “internally regulated”. For the most part, gender-based violence is socially not viewed as a crime. Women who want to take legal action are faced with economic and social obstacles.
The project is based on the positive experiences of a previous project. However, in spite of the successes of FOWAC, sexualised and gender-based violence (SGBV) is still widespread. An external evaluation confirmed that FOWAC makes an important and prestigious contribution to peaceful conflict resolution, and to the integration of women and girls into the intervention communities.
The project started 1st Aug 2017 with a planned duration until 31st Dec 2019. The project is funded by the German Federal Ministry for Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The overall goal of the project is that women and girls in the districts of Kitgum and Lamwo in North Uganda carry out a self-determined life with dignity and confidence in a safe and supportive environment. The sub-goals are:
- Female survivors of sexualised and gender-based violence have increased their self-help capacities.
- A protective network including village communities, local community representatives, traditional authorities, state institutions (Police, hospital and courts), authorities for the punishment and prevention of sexualised and gender-based violence has been established.
- The implementation capacities of the local cooperation partners are increased.
- The project goals are addressed by holistic activities, such as advocacy measures, setting up and supporting solidarity and savings groups, training courses for different target groups (e.g. on life skills, group dynamics and communication, basic commercial skills and savings groups, stress management and self-care, and psychosocial trainings), as well as village meetings and dialogue in each sub district. The key target group consists of around 1200 young women and girls from the North Ugandan districts of Lamwo and Kitgum.
Objectives of the evaluation
The purpose of the final evaluation is to provide decision makers at medica mondiale, the BMZ and FOWAC with sufficient information to assess the performance of the project and document lessons learnt. This project evaluation shall include an assessment of the OECD/DAC and the BMZ evaluation criteria. medica mondiale will share the evaluation results with FOWAC, the BMZ and other relevant recipients. The evaluation will be conducted in line with the DeGEval Evaluation Standards: Utility, Feasibility, Propriety and Accuracy.
Key questions OECD/DAC criteria and BMZ evaluation criteria
- Relevance: Did we follow the right approach? How relevant was the intervention for local and national needs and local priorities? To what extent are the objectives of the project still valid? Were the activities and outputs consistent with the overall goal and the achievement of its objectives? Were the activities and outputs consistent with the intended effects and impact?
- Effectiveness: Did we implement the approach in an effective way? To what extent has the project generated positive changes? What are the key changes experienced? Please describe. To what extent were the objectives achieved? What were the major factors influencing the achievement or non-achievement of the objectives?
- Efficiency: Have objectives been achieved in an efficient way and on time? Has the project been implemented in the most efficient way compared to possible alternatives? What can be stated about the efficient use of resources (comparison: resources – results)?
- Impact: What is the impact of the project? What can be stated about the impact on the overall situation of beneficiaries? What real difference has the project made to the beneficiaries and how many people have been reached overall?
- Sustainability: What can be stated about the sustainability of the intervention’s positive impact after donor funding ceases? What are the major factors influencing the achievement or non-achievement of sustainability? What needs to be done to ensure sustainability? What elements of the project (in order of prioritization) should be continued if additional funding becomes available?
- Coordination: To what extent is the project (goals, activities, procedures) coordinated and harmonized with other organisations and funders?
- Complementarity: To what extent do the goals and activities of the project complement the German development cooperation?
- Coherence: Are there any effects of other policies (e.g. of German and/or EU industry, other funders or other organisations etc.) that negatively influence the project’s impact?
General Key Questions
- What are the obstacles FOWAC is facing in achieving their objectives, in general and as a women’s rights organisation in particular? What are external obstacles faced by FOWAC, e.g. in the social and political environment, and what are internal obstables, e.g. from an organisational perspective?
- What can be stated about FOWAC’s capacity development? How were FOWAC’s capacities applied? How did they develop during the project implementation?
- How do the economic empowerment measures link with psychosocial care? How does economic empowerment contribute to overcoming SGBV-related trauma in the short-, medium- and long-term? Do the exit strategies work and contribute to sustainability?
- What is innovative about FOWAC’s approach to link economic empowerment with psychosocial care? Which particular features of the strategy make a difference (positively or negatively)? What are the benefits/risks? Are there comparable interventions in Uganda or the Great Lakes Region? Is the approach suitable for scaling-up or transferable to other contexts?
- What are the short- and long-term effects of the economic empowerment measures on individual women, as well as families and communities? How is FOWAC’s work received in the community?
- How has FOWAC’s psychosocial work changed during its cooperation with medica mondiale? What was the impact of the trainings? How have the concepts of self-care and staff care been integrated into the organisation, in particular methods to recognise and prevent stress and secondary trauma in FOWAC staff?
- What can be said about FOWAC’s advocacy and awareness raising strategies? Have they been successful on the individual, community, regional, national level? Have institutions been successfully sensitised to SGBV issues?
- What can be stated about the monitoring system, the indicators used and the theory of change? To which extent have the indicators been achieved at the finalisation of the project?
- Has the project contributed to peacebuilding in Northern Uganda? Does it contribute to justice? If so, which aspects of the project have contributed to peacebuilding and justice, and on which levels? What is the role of FOWAC as a women’s rights organisation in peacebuilding and justice? Have communities been strengthened in this regard?
- Have there been unintended consequences of the project (positive or negative)?
- Referring to medica mondiale’s multilevel approach to prevention of and protection from violence, what can be said about effects and impacts of the project on the individual, social, institutional, political and societal level?
The evaluation team will conduct the evaluation in a trauma-sensitive way and use a multi-mixed design including participatory methods and using quantitative as well as qualitative data. The methodology should be adapted to current restrictions around the COVID-19 pandemic. In particular semi-remote models are appreciated. The final methodology will be developed in close cooperation with medica mondiale and the partner organisation and depends on the proposal of the external evaluation team. The partner organization, regional experts and other stakeholders have to be included in the evaluation process.