UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. To save their lives. To defend their rights. To help them fulfill their potential.
Across 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, every day, to build a better world for everyone.
For every child, Safety
South Asia is highly prone to natural hazards and manmade disasters with over 750 million people including 270 million children in the region are at risk of multiple climate hazards; (72% in India, 12% Bangladesh, 12% Pakistan and 4% in Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka. According to the 2019 Global Risk Index, five of the eight countries are ranked either high or very high in terms multi-hazard risks with Afghanistan (7.8) topping the list followed by Pakistan (6.2), Bangladesh (6.0), India (5.5), Sri Lanka (3.6), Bhutan (3.0) and Maldives (2.4). According to the recent assessment report, countries along the Hindu Kush Himalaya region (Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, India, Bangladesh and Bhutan remain highly susceptible to large scale earthquakes.
Children are among the most vulnerable to the impacts of disaster, climate change and conflicts. Addressing such risks safeguards fundamental child rights. All aspects of a child's daily life, covered by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), are affected by conflicts, disasters and climate induced risk including children's right to survival, clean water, sanitation, food, health, education and protection. Therefore, for UNICEF child-centered approach to risk reduction and climate change adaptation means focusing on the specific risks faced by children in a changing climate; ensuring children's needs and capacities are central to risk reduction and adaptation planning and implementation; and increasing the voice and agency of children in risk reduction and adaptation decision-making processes. In this vein, a quantitative and spatial child centred risk assessment helps to better understand the impacts of different risks and hazards on children and is therefore an essential tool for risk-informed planning and resilient development programming. However, the section does not have the appropriate skills on spatial analysis particularly geographical information systems to conduct this assessment. Therefore, the consultant's assessment output will be used as tools for risk informed planning and advocacy for child centred DRR. In addition, the activity directly contributes to section Intermediate Result on harnessing the power of evidence and building partnerships as a driver of change for children; facilitate knowledge generation, dissemination and advocacy and build partnerships to deliver results for children. As part of strengthening regional capacity on emergency preparedness such risk profiles will form the foundations for developing sound and quality emergency preparedness and contingency plans.
Purpose and Objectives of the consultancy:
The purpose of the consultancy is to conduct a child centered risk assessment for the region which will contribute to a risk-informed analysis of the situation of children in the region. The study will assess disaster risk, climate change and conflict with specific focus on how such risks and vulnerabilities contributes to child poverty and further deterioration of key child deprivations. The analysis will provide a spatial overview of vulnerabilities, highlighting geographies with multi-faceted deprivation that potentially will be exacerbated by impacts of disasters and climate change.
The overall objective of this assignment is threefold:
- Provide an updated version of the 2015 Child Centred Risk Assessment using new data points and information sources available to the subnational level, evaluating any missing data points and providing comprehensive information, and creating updated hazard maps and analysing overall child vulnerability and child-centred risk and note trends whether the risks has improved or worsened since 2015
- Conduct review of national or regional risk management policies and strategies (including taking stock of UNICEF DRR/CCA interventions) to assess whether they are sensitive to address child specific risk and vulnerabilities including children with disabilities
- Analyse the hazards, conflict and climate risks, drawing key implications and recommending actions for UNICEF regional and country offices and identifying potential areas of child-centred advocacy, programming and policy recommendation.
- While the consultant will propose his or her own methodology for the assessment the final agreement will be based on the discussion with UNICEF team. It will be expected that the proposed approach will use quantitative, qualitative and spatial methodology, to collect, collate, analyse and present geospatial data from various available sources. The proposed methodology should be tailored to the needs and data availability of the South Asia region in relation to children risks and vulnerabilities.
- It is expected that the methodology will include among other components a review of secondary information (including data collected from existing hazard and vulnerability studies, risk assessment reports, disaster databases, and other county and other regional assets), developing risk indices and maps in consultation with country offices and reference group. In addition, the consultant is expected to collect and collate data on vulnerability in terms of different child-centred indicators or deprivations (direct or indirect) that are relevant for determining how susceptible children are to the impact of different risks
- The focus of the assessment will be regional - South Asia. This assessment will not involve field travel as it relies on secondary data sources
- Duration (including potential extension): The length of the contract will be for 70 working days, starting as soon as possible.
- Type of Supervision/support required from UNICEF: The consultant is expected to work from home however he or she will receive an initial briefing at the start of the assignment. A reference group will also support the consultant in terms of the finalizing the proposed methodology and reviewing the products.
Key Assignments and Deliverables:
- Carry out a review of existing literature on children vulnerability, shocks and hazards risks (based on reports, studies, analysis, assessments and other documents.
- Develop an inception report detailing the understanding of the proposed methodology and Terms of Reference
- Conduct Spatial analysis and mapping of hazard risks and children vulnerabilities in the region and detailing exposure to droughts, floods, landslides, earthquake, extreme weather, political tension, climate change and others. Identify high risk geographical sub-national locations of the country affected by multi-hazards and other risks
- Conduct review of national or regional risk management policies and strategies to assess whether they are sensitive to address child specific risk and vulnerabilities experienced;
- Identify and provide overview of opportunities, trends and continued areas of improvement on risk informed programming (since the 2015 study) and develop policy recommendations at country and regional level to strengthen risk informed programming including child centred risk reduction.
To qualify as an advocate for every child you will have:
- Have at least 8 years of experience in developing risk/vulnerability assessments or something similar;
- Hold at least an advanced University Degree in a related field;
- Relevant experience working in developing countries is desirable, especially in the South Asia context;
- Experience with proven analytical, conceptualizing and negotiating skills relevant to human and social development;
- Ability to analyse information, evaluate options and to think and plan strategically;
- GIS and Geospatial skills required;
- Strong representational skills;
- Excellent interpersonal, communication and presentation skills;
- Fluency in English, both verbal and written, required