Background Information - Job-specific
The Fund is eager to explore existing opportunities to promote social cohesion and contribute to peace in Myanmar through its health-related work. The Fund is thus looking to hire a Consultant to develop a working paper (i) reviewing the Fund’s past and ongoing work in relation to conflict / social cohesion, and (ii) outlining future approaches and opportunities for greater contribution to social cohesion and peace, streamlining this work into the Fund’s approach and Strategy presented in the Board-approved ‘Access to Health Fund’s Overall Strategy’.
This work will be conducted in close collaboration with the Access to Health Fund Management Office, the Fund’s Board (Donors and MOHS), implementing partners, EHO/CBHOs, conflict advisers, and other partners.
Scope of Work
Review of the Fund’s work on conflict and social cohesion to date
The consultant is expected to:
- Review and summarize existing literature on the Fund’s work in conflict since 2012
- Review and summarize the Access to Health Fund strategy, EHO/CBHO-engagement strategy, conflict-sensitivity policy, and other relevant documentation guiding the work of the Fund.
- Review relevant literature and consult with relevant stakeholders to summarize current practices in relation to conflict and social cohesion.
Develop a strategy/working paper on the Fund’s ‘contribution to social cohesion’
The working paper is expected to:
Provide the summary described in 3.i. above
Given the above scope and definitions, define the range of meanings that ‘promoting social cohesion’ could have for the Access to Health Fund, and respond in particular to the following questions:
- Given its mission and mandate, what level of ambition should the Fund set for its impact on social cohesion? What are limitations to what the Fund and its partners can achieve, given the Fund’s mission, approach, and available resources?
- Building on existing definitions of Social Cohesion, and the particular context of the Access to Health Fund, the paper should propose working definitions of ‘social cohesion’ and ‘promoting social cohesion’ that the Fund can adopt to guide its ambition/work in this area
- Building on existing literature, explore similarities and differences in how social cohesion is conceptualized by Donors, the MOHS, EHO/CBHOs, Implementing partners, and the FMO, and discuss how differing views from different stakeholders need to be taken into account when designing appropriate programs.
- At what levels should the Fund focus its social cohesion efforts: for example, civil-society empowerment, meaningful participation of women in decision-making, intercommunal activities and trust-building, State-community interactions, wider social/political dynamics hindering social cohesion?
- In particular, the consultant should consider linkages between social cohesion and the realization of good health: what level of social cohesion is necessary, and what can be built/improved to ensure that access to health services is possible? This might include trust building in health services, community relationship strengthening to facilitate smooth access to health care, etc.
- How should the Fund adapt its work to different phases of conflict and to the differing status of actors/partners - e.g. Ethnic Health Organizations affiliated to signatory and non-signatory groups?
- What opportunities exist to include conflict sensitive EHO representation in the Access to Health Fund Board?
- Propose both short-term and longer-term measure to promote social cohesion, in line with the timeframe of Access funding.
Given proposed definition and areas of focus, present options for context-appropriate approaches for the Fund’s promotion of social cohesion through its Health work:
- What opportunities/entry-points exist for advocacy and policy change that can lead to better social cohesion? (E.g. desegregating hospitals, increasing language accessibility in health facilities, increasing access...)
- What opportunities exist to promote and increase social cohesion (horizontally between communities, and vertically in the relation between government’s policies/practices and communities) through the Fund’s work on health services for vulnerable populations in conflict-affected areas?
- Given the Fund’s focus on pockets of vulnerability, to the possible exclusion of neighboring areas, how should the Fund deal with potential perceptions of unfairness in relation to its interventions, and how should it approach this from a social cohesion promotion point of view?
- Has the Fund been seizing and acting on all of these opportunities?
- When it hasn’t, what else can the Fund do to maximize its contribution to social cohesion through its work on Health? In what ways would the Fund need to review/modify its activities and approach? What new resources will be required?
- When it has, the paper should describe (i) how the Fund has gone about it and (ii) how it could enhance its current approaches with a view to furthering social cohesion. For example:
- Doing more in applying conflict-sensitivity principles
- Using joint EHOH/CBHO-MoHS forums and consultations more effectively
- Supporting EHO/CBHOs (direct funding, capacity building, etc.)
- The paper should provide examples, whenever possible, of situations where proposed approaches have been implemented by others.
- What opportunities exist to create greater alignment on social cohesion strategies, approaches, and measurement, with other actors (starting with UNOPS, LIFT, and UN sister-agencies)
- How can the Fund’s contribution to social cohesion be measured (quantitatively and qualitatively)?
- How should the Fund’s ambition in relation to Social Cohesion be reflected in the results framework?
- How, in particular, can the sustainability of the Fund’s contribution be measured?
e. Risks, mitigation, and limitations:
- The paper should outline strategies for maintaining Fund-supported service-delivery within conflict-affected areas, including in active conflict situations
- The consultation should assess risks and mitigation measures in the Fund’s engagement with EHO/CBHOs and the Ministry of Health and Sports at all levels, as well as other relevant areas.
- Deliverables should be submitted electronically to the Fund Directors Office and Health for All/Civil Society team.
- Within one month after the start of the consultation, desk-review and consultations completed.
- Within 45 days after the start of the consultation, draft version of the report completed and submitted to Access to Health Fund - for Board and FMO review.
- Within two weeks after receiving Board and FMO feedback on the completed draft, the final version of the strategy/working paper completed.
- The consultancy is currently expected to be contracted for around 30 days.
- A Master degree in Health Economics, Health Finance, or other relevant area is required.
- A Bachelor’s degree in combination with additional two years of similar experience may be accepted in lieu of a Master’s degree.
- At least five (5) years of relevant Myanmar experience in public health, research, writing, or strategy development is required.
- At least three years working on global or Myanmar peace building, conflict sensitivity, or social accountability-related programmes (a good knowledge of the peace-process in Myanmar is required.)
- Minimum two years in-depth knowledge of global evidence and practice in fostering social cohesion through intervention in health is required.
- Previous involvement with and knowledge of the UN system, government, international non-governmental organizations, or local organizations (EHOs and Civil Society) in Myanmar is desirable.
- Excellent communication and English language writing skills are required.
Applying to this consultancy
If you wish to be considered for this consultancy, please submit:
- Short proposal (two pages) on how you will go about the consultancy
- Expected daily fee
- Additional budget required in order to complete the mission (e.g. travel, if travel is included in the proposed approach)