Thinking of a Career in Emergency Management?
- BY Nicole Pelette
INTERSOS is a non-governmental, non-profit Humanitarian Organization, which aims to assist the victims of natural disasters and armed conflicts. INTERSOS bases its action on the values of solidarity, justice, human dignity, equal rights and opportunities for all peoples, respect for diversity, coexistence, attention to social groups the most vulnerable.
General context of the project
Since 2015, Chad has been the target of attacks perpetrated by armed groups present in the Lake Chad basin. The upsurge in insecurity due to the actions carried out by Boko Haram (BH) elements and the volatile situation in neighboring countries have resulted in cross-border movements of populations.
The area most affected by violence by armed groups and by displacement is the Lac Province, in general, and in particular the Departments of Kaya and Fouli, bordering Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria. In the Lac province, as of April 31, 2020, the UNHCR registered 13,756 refugees, 90% of whom are settled in the Dar Es Salam camp.
These cross-border movements, sometimes pendular, are justified by the quest for survival, security and access to humanitarian assistance. This presence in the front localities increases the pressure on basic socio-economic services on the host populations and exposes people on the move to various problems of cohabitation and individual protection, in particular vulnerable groups including women and children.
This situation therefore requires the establishment of a mechanism for monitoring the border protection situation, in collaboration with the migration authorities and services operating at cross-border entry points as well as the CNARR.
Given that the prospects of return to the countries of origin remain uncertain, the prolongation of their unstable situation increases the vulnerability of refugee populations and host communities as well as the risk of inter-community tensions, in particular through the strong pressure on services basic social already weak. The health and nutritional situation in refugee camps and sites and in host villages is characterized by the prevalence of communicable diseases, malaria, respiratory infections, measles, diarrhea and by an unstable and precarious nutritional situation . With the large refugee population, primary health care facilities have been permanently overwhelmed.
In addition, half of the islands do not have access to basic services due to insufficient or total lack of social and community infrastructure. The priority needs expressed by the refugee populations are essentially improved in terms of access to agricultural land and livelihoods. The refugee population mainly practices three types of activity (agriculture, livestock and trade) and generally refugees have the same ethnic profile as the local population and can contribute effectively to the economic development of the host region, in particular by using certain skills. particular brought from their country of origin. In light of the studies that have been conducted in recent years, on notes that low-income households have very significant diversification of sources of income and food but remain vulnerable. Despite their position, these groups also remain vulnerable from a food point of view during the lean season. Most refugees are unable to take full charge of themselves and even less to cope with the shocks linked to the vagaries of the weather and the drastic reduction in food rations.
This is the reason why the project aims to provide an emergency response to food insecure refugees, preserve their livelihoods and build their resilience to cope with and be ready to meet agro- in the Lac province.
In addition, Chad, like many states in the world, has been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic which has worsened the already unstable situation. One case was registered on March 19, 2020 and declared positive by the World Health Organization. As of May 16, 2020, three cases of COVID-19 have been confirmed in Bol, the capital of the Lac province, which hosts 39,000 IDPs. According to the results that were conducted between April 16 and April 30, 2020 by the IOM in 204 places of displacement in the province of Lac, a 13 percent increase in the number of IDPs was observed compared to the previous round, mainly following the displacement of people from the insular border areas of Niger and Nigeria towards the mainland,
In total, the displaced persons are estimated at 236,426. The biometric non-registration of these people does not allow an exact figure of this population and whose movements are multiple in search of means of survival.
The high population density in overcrowded sites, where social distancing measures are almost impossible to implement, multiply health risks. In addition to the potentially dire consequences of the epidemic on public health, COVID-19 has been affected mobility to, from and within the country.
People living in collective sites are vulnerable to COVID-19 in part due to overcrowding, health risks associated with displacement, overcrowding and poor nutritional and health status of the affected populations. This situation can also be exacerbated by the arrangements for providing services / assistance which can involve large crowds.
However, people affected by humanitarian crises, in particular refugees likely to be affected by COVID-19 for lack of information. People vulnerable by virtue of their status often face specific challenges and vulnerabilities which must be taken into account when planning operations to prepare for and respond to the COVID-19 epidemic. They are often overlooked, stigmatized and may encounter difficulties in accessing health services that are otherwise available to the general and non-humanitarian population.
It is within this framework that this proposal will set up activities to improve food self-sufficiency and the livelihoods of displaced persons and to prevent and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic in refugee communities. , host populations, spontaneous returnees and returnees, in addition to the establishment of a monitoring mechanism at the borders in order to monitor movements and respond adequately.
General objective of the position
Main responsibilities and tasks
Administrative management of the project:
Human Resource Management: